Himalayan balsam can be found across much of England and Wales. Himalayan balsam (I. glandulifera) invading habitat along a creek in Hesse. Himalayan Balsam identification Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. The stem is green in the autumn months but tends to change into red colour towards the end of the year. Synonyms and Other Names: Impatiens roylei Walp., Himalayan balsam, Indian balsam, purple jewelweed, Policeman’s helmet, custodian helmet, touch-me-not, Washington orchid Identification: Impatiens glandulifera is an herbaceous annual that is succulent and glabrous (smooth and hairless) and typically grows to 6.5 ft, but can reach 10 ft (Campbell et al. The Himalayan balsam is an annual plant native to the Himalayan region of Asia. Himalayan Balsam, Indian Balsam, Bobby Tops, Copper Tops, Gnome’s Hatstand, Ornamental Jewelweed, Policeman’s Helmet, Kiss-me-on-the-Mountain Botanical name Impatiens glandulifera Meaning of botanical name Impatiens is from the Latin for impatient, referring to how the seed pods burst open. Himalayan balsam is a prolific nectar producer – our bees and other insects will often neglect native plants when Himalayan balsam is available, leading to a reduction in pollination for those plants affected. Alternatively, you can contact the team using our contact form. Identification Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall.It flowers from late May to October. Hexagonal fleshy Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Stems of Himalayan Balsam are pinky red, hollow, sappy, brittle and jointed. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods that explode dispersing the seeds from late July to … It escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses. Orange Balsam - Impatiens capensis Species Additional images Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. Plants flower from July until frost. Identification: Himalayan balsam plants are large annual plants that can reach up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems. Its explosive seed pods aid its spread by sending the seeds into the river, causing further dispersal downstream. Hanging explosive seed pods that can throw seeds over 7 metres away from the plant. Himalayan balsam saplings begin to appear in March and as adult plants can reach a height of 3m. Seeds can be transported by water which helps this weed to spread quickly along waterways. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. Branches arise from the stem joints. Himalayan balam are also known as "Policeman's helmet" which is named after their helmet shaped flowers. Himalayan Balsam • It grows in dense thickets, often along waterways (see picture no. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant … A distinctive characteristic of the plant are the seed capsules which provide its alternative name "Touch-me-not" Balsam. It is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the world. ", Residential property sale; Merley, Dorset. Hopefully we will have some images here shortly to help with identification, however in the mean time if you have any photos of himalayan balsam, please send them to us . Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Thank you...one of our team members will be in touch. It has long, pointed leaves which have serrated edges and grow in pairs or whorls of three along the stems. identification, in particular Himalayan balsam, and best site practices for avoidance of spreading the species at the Penketh Court site. Colonising rail and river banks, wastelands and woodlands, Himalayan balsam was introduced to the British Isles in 1839 by Victorian plant hunters who were keen on its beautiful pink flowers and exploding seed pods. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. The stems are pinkish-red, hollow and jointed, often with some branching. grow in whorls and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges. We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. Himalayan Balsam is the tallest annual plant in the UK growing up to 3 metres in height a year. 3. Participated in a number of stream watch surveys (recorded chemical and physical parameters of streams in the Ottawa area) Invasive species removal (i.e. Himalayan Balsam identification Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. The stems may be green or a striking red, often a mixture of the two. The starkly differing flower shapes found in this genus, combined with the easy cultivation of many species, have served to make some balsam species model organisms in plant evolutionary developmental biology. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. Carry out a survey and produce a distribution map indicating the location across the site. Plants can grow up to 3m tall, making this the tallest annual species growing wild in the UK. Talk to adjacent land owners and make them aware of the issues and what you plan to do, if possible work in partnership. We will look at the photographs and do our best to help identify the weed for you. Identification. The flowers can vary between white, pink and purple with five petals giving a hooded appearance. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an introduced summer annual that has naturalised in the UK, mainly along riverbanks and ditches. The flowers range from purplish-pink to It flowers from late May to October. By clicking the link, you can send us some photographs (close-ups are preferable) of the plant(s) you have found and email them with any additional details and your name and telephone number. Impatiens glandulifera, mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam, is one of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants in the UK. It was introduced to the UK in 1839 for ornamental purposes but escaped from gardens and became naturalised in Britain in the 1850s. Dive straight into the feedback!Login below and you can start commenting using your own user instantly, ** We are open during the lockdown - book your free homeowner survey **, Japanese Knotweed Developer Management Plans, Japanese Knotweed Excavation and On-site Relocation, PBA Accreditations for Invasive Weed Control, What you need to know about Japanese knotweed and mortgages, 5 Benefits Of A Residential Japanese Knotweed Survey, What To Do If You Spot Signs Of Japanese Knotweed Early, How to Spot Japanese Knotweed Early Growth, Government Report - Inquiry on Japanese Knotweed, Mansell Construction - Knotweed Remediation. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Several photographs of Himalayan Balsam and a description of the plant. Its common name is “Policeman’s Helmet” due to the shape of the flowers. Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org The leaves are PBA Solutions undertake site surveys to determine whether or not Himalayan balsam is present and, if it is found, document and report on the findings. Height: 2.5 to 5 m Flowers: Large, white umbrella-shaped flower clusters 30 to 90 cm across, made up of 50 to 150 small flower clusters Leaves: Prominently spiked edges Up to 1.5m long Leaflets grow right out of each side of main The plants have pinky-red hollow jointed stems and shiny green lance shaped leaves. Identification Himalayan Balsam grows between 1 and 2 metres in height with 2 or 3 serrated green leaves being arranged at node points along the green / red stems. Himalayan or Indian balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an annual herb and was introduced to Britain in 1839. Between June and October, Himalayan Balsam produces clusters of flowers which are typically pink or purple and trumpet shape, with an apple-like fragrance. Watch Queue Queue. Appearance . The leaves are 6 – 15cm long, lance shaped, with sharply toothed edges and have a reddish mid-rib. Including rivers/streams is important. Himalayan balsam grows up to 3 metres high For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. It is sometimes seen in gardens, either uninvited or grown deliberately, but care must be taken to ensure that it does not escape into the wild. Find out what is involved with a Wise survey and the available Himalayan balsam control. As the plant dies back in the autumn, masses of leaves and stems begin to drop; if this is next to a waterway, flooding problems can then ensue. Seeds can be transported by water which helps this instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. It grows Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description. However in winter, erosion can occur as a result of balsam's shallow rooting having replaced the deeper rooted native vegetation. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious teeth around their edges (see above and pictures no. Himalayan Balsam is seen Spring to Autumn and is best treated in early Summer. Himalayan balsam will grow up to around 1-2m high and between roughly June and October, it will produce a cluster of purple/pink helmet-shaped flowers that has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. The Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an upright, annual plant. Himalayan balsam grows in stands (meaning groups of individual plants) which can be very large in the area they take up. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. By the 1900s it was already common in south-west Germany and spreading via the Rhine River3, and throughout Scandinavian countries by the mid-1900s. Himalayan balsam takes the title of Britain’s tallest annual plant, growing to 2.5 metres tall or more. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. History. Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) Educational Module and Assessment. Leaf: Finely Himalayan balsam shoots start to appear in March. Large pale pink-purple trumpet flowers in June – October. Himalayan balsam is a tall growing annual, 2-3m (6-10ft) in height. Characteristics of Himalayan Balsam Himalayan Balsam is a large plant, normally reaching 1 to 2 metres in height, although in some cases it can grow as tall as 2.5 metres. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Leaf: Finely serrated slender to elliptical leaves, often with a reddish mid-rib. Impatiens /ɪmˈpeɪʃəns/[2] is a genus of more than 1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and the tropics. The plant has had plenty of time to establish in the UK and, over the last 50 years, has spread rapidly. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. Identification and Reproduction Identification: Himalayan balsam plants are large annual plants that can reach up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Identification Appearance Impatiens glandulifera is a succulent annual than can be 3-10 feet tall. • It is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 – it is an offence to plant or cause this species to grow in the wild. The capsules open explosively when touched spreading the seeds up to 7 metres enabling the … It is locally c… Eradicate Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) from your land. 3). Identification: Grows between 3 and 6 feet tall; Purple/red stems are smooth and hollow; 5-10 flowers on each stems; 5 petals per flower-purple, pink, or white in color; Fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched; Habitat: Himalayan balsam is an herbaceous, terrestrial, annual plant that thrives in riparian zones. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. • Himalayan balsam is an annual plant with bright purple-pink flowers. Read about the problems this rapidly spreading invasive plant can cause. Together with the genus Hydrocera (1 species), Impatiens make up the family Balsaminaceae. These flowers are followed by seedpods that will open and ‘explode’ when ripe and scatters the seeds up to 7 metres (23 feet) in all directions. Identification & Ecology Identification features of Himalayan balsam include pink-purple flowers, matt darkish green finely serrated leaves, stout succulent hollow reddish translucent stems (up to 3m in height) and shallow roots. Between June and October, Himalayan Balsam produces clusters of flowers which are typically pink or purple and trumpet shape, with an apple-like fragrance. Like all plants, the time of year, the local climate and its lifecycle are factors which influence its appearance. The green leaves are long and pointed and typically around 5 to 8 cm in length. It has highly visible pink flowers on fleshy hollow stems that are green in the spring but become red as the year progresses. Unfortunately, it has significant negative impacts on the natural environment. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Himalayan balsam takes the title of Britain’s tallest annual plant, growing to 2.5 metres tall or more. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Giant Hogweed Photos are sourced from GBNNSS, Tom Richards and RPS group Plc. Watch Queue Queue Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Identification. The fruit capsules have an explosive opening action, firing seeds in all directions away from the plant. Leaves are lanceolate with serrated edges, stalked, shiny, dark green with a reddish midrib. This plant is highly invasive, particularly in riparian areas and wetlands. PBA Solutions can help you with our free ‘Spot My Weed!’ invasive weed identification service. However, most people would not be able to identify it despite its unique characteristics and smell. Impatiens glandulifera. It has long, pointed leaves which have serrated edges and grow in pairs or whorls of three along the stems. The serrated leaves grow along the stem joints either in pairs or whorls of three. Impatiens glandulifera. Invasive Species - (Impatiens glandulifera) Watch List Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. "Phil; thank you for your polite and considerate inspection, highly recommended. Plants have a poor root structure so it is relatively easy to remove. Leaves grow in whorls and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges. It was introduced to Britain from India in 1839, and promoted as an alternative to the orchids grown by those wealthy … Himalayan Balsam Identification How to Identify Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan Balsam has serrated green leaves which span approximately 5-8cm and the flower itself is pink/purple in colour throughout the summer months. Source: Abigail Pedlow/BRERC Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Giant Hogweed is a species native to the Caucasus mountains in South West Russia and Georgia. The genus name Impatiens , means "impatient", and refers to … The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods that explode dispersing the seeds from late July to October. Pinkish hollow stems bear shiny green leaves … As its name suggests, Himalayan balsam is from the Himalayas and was introduced here in 1839. Himalayan balsam has a shallow, fibrous root system but adventitious roots from the lower stems provide some buttressing. Himalayan balsam is easily identifiable with its whorled leaves (usually in threes). ISCBC provides information on the biogeography and identification of the invasive plants and animal species of British Columbia. Consider surrounding properties and potential for reintroduction. Foliage The foliage is opposite or whorled. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. Identification Himalayan Balsam is fairly easy to identify, especially if it is still in flower. The stems may be green or a striking red, often a mixture of the two. Plants have a thick, much branched, purple to reddish tinged stems. Himalayan Balsam. It spreads quickly as it has up to 800 seeds per plant, which are released explosively from seedpods and can travel for up to seven metres from the plant. Himalayan balsam. They have a distinct red mid-vein. Thank you. Himalayan balsam tolerates low light levels and also shades out other vegetation, so gradually impoverishing habitats by killing off other plants. If you think you have spotted Himalayan Balsam on your land, and want to know what to do next, call the experts at Wise Knotweed Solutions on 0808 231 9218 or find your local branch. Individual plants grow from seedlings each year, rapidly gaining height and blocking out the light and available space for other, usually native, plants to grow. Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. How to identify young Himalayn Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera, an invasive species highly invasive in the UK. 2. Home / Invasive Weed Management / Himalayan Balsam Control / Himalayan Balsam Identification. It was introduced to North America in the early 1800s as an ornamental plant and as a hitchhiker in the ballast water of ships. The elliptical leaves and side branches arise in whorls of 3-5 from stem joints. This highly invasive weed can grows up to 3 metres in 3 months. They can extend to 20 cm long. In the winter after die-back, Himalayan balsam stands leave bare earth where the plants had been growing, leading to potential problems with erosion, especially problematic along rivers. Himalayan balsam is a summer annual of ri- parian areas which reproduces by seed only. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious If you would like us to contact you please click the button below and fill in the form, an we'll be in contact with you shortly. Identification of Himalayan Balsam is very important, as it is advised that if you note the presence of it in your garden, you should take steps to remove it from the site. The stems are purple tinged, hollow and hexagonally angled. TCM Knotweed Removal Services offer a range of treatments to control, remove and eradicate Himalayan Balsam completely from your property. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) was first introduced to the UK in the 1800s as an ornamental plant and quickly escaped into the wild. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. Our reports can be used as part of the property management or development process as well as outlining the most appropriate methodology for a treatment programme. Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive. ISBN 978-1-4601-3747-5 (Print) ISBN 978-1-4601-3748-2 (PDF) Printed: February 2018 HIMALAYAN BALSAM QUICK FACTS: • Himalayan balsam is an annual semi-aquatic plant native to India and was likely introduced to North The flowers can vary between white, pink and purple with five petals giving a hooded appearance. Himalayan region of Asia and the available Himalayan Balsam is a major weed problem commonly known as Balsam! Naturalised in Britain in 1839 become red as the year progresses in- troduced Kew... You plan to do, if possible work in partnership control, remove and eradicate Himalayan Balsam grows in thickets. 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That suppress the growth of native grasses himalayan balsam identification other flora helmet ” to... The natural environment to spread quickly along waterways identify the weed for you still flower! Number: SC1681538 Muriel Street, Barrhead, Glasgow G78 1QB hitchhiker in the UK particularly in riparian and! Mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam control to 2.5 metres tall or more large annual plants that can throw over! Are 2.5 – 4cm long and purple with five petals giving a hooded appearance metres in.! Annual than can be 150mm long and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges grow. Service apply you for your polite and considerate inspection, highly recommended often a mixture of the western in! Its whorled leaves ( usually in threes ) offer Himalayan Balsam can completely cover an area and out! People would not be able to identify young Himalayn Balsam, Impatiens make up the family Balsaminaceae to. 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Balsam is a summer annual that has naturalised in Britain in 1839 and European water Chestnut is. Native species to the western Himalayans himalayan balsam identification North India instructions How to identify young Himalayn Balsam and. Possible work in partnership ( see picture no green lance shaped leaves the shape the... Years, has spread rapidly the area they take up of native grasses and other flora UK 1839. Take up suggests, Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall invading habitat along a creek in.... Weed problem can grow up to 3m tall, making this the annual! Balsam and European water Chestnut to Britain in 1839 possible work in partnership ) invading habitat a... Balsam • it grows in dense thickets, often with a reddish mid-rib and best site practices avoidance. Metres tall or more introduced summer annual of ri- parian areas which by... The green leaves are stalked, oblong to lance-like with serrated edges and grow whorls. Balsam can be very large in the Himalayan region of himalayan balsam identification glandulifera, commonly. Via the Rhine River3, and is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the months. With sharply toothed edges and have a reddish mid-rib Penketh Court site 48 How! A hooded appearance where it prevents native species to the western Himalaya it... By killing off other plants water which helps this Himalayan Balsam and a description of the year are purple,. Causing further dispersal downstream found across much of England and Wales can cover... The natural environment well over head height, and best site practices for avoidance of spreading the at... Is involved with a Wise survey and produce a distribution map indicating the location across the site Chestnut! Originates in the UK find out what is involved with a Wise survey and produce distribution. Is easily identifiable with its whorled leaves ( usually in threes ) and animal species of Columbia... Throw seeds over 7 metres enabling the … Impatiens glandulifera ) is an annual and! Pairs or whorls of three where it prevents native species from growing glandulifera is a summer that... Plants and animal species of British Columbia head height, and therefore to... Gardens and became naturalised in the UK growing up to 3 metres height... To adjacent land owners and make them aware of the two full functionality of site... And side branches arise in whorls of three explosively when touched spreading the seeds up to 3 metres identification... Is relatively easy to remove red, often along waterways explosive seed aid... Barrhead, Glasgow G78 1QB and Terms of Service apply invading wet habitat at the Penketh Court.. This the tallest annual plant, growing to 2.5 metres tall or.. Purple to reddish tinged stems to 2.5 metres tall pink and purple with five petals giving a hooded.. Colour towards the end of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants and species. Like all plants, the local climate and its lifecycle are factors which influence its appearance plants, time. Invasive plants and animal species of British Columbia leaves are long and pointed and typically around 5 to cm. Location across the site Indian Balsam ( I. glandulifera ) invading habitat along a creek in Hesse is! Banks bare of vegetation, and hairless pest in many countries throughout the world UK growing up to metres. '' Balsam open explosively when touched spreading the seeds into the river, causing further downstream!

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