Only those items specifically designed as counterweights shall be used to counterweight scaffold systems. Makeshift devices, such as but not limited to boxes and barrels, shall not be used on top of scaffold platforms to increase the working level height of employees. Hereâs a summary of some of the most important requirements for forklift work platforms and forklift man baskets. ASME offers the public and private sectors a comprehensive portfolio of codes and standards offerings, which govern elevators and escalators. The clearance between scaffolds and power lines shall be as follows: Scaffolds shall not be erected, used, dismantled, altered, or moved such that they or any conductive material handled on them might come closer to exposed and energized power lines than as follows: Exception to paragraph (f)(6): Scaffolds and materials may be closer to power lines than specified above where such clearance is necessary for performance of work, and only after the utility company, or electrical system operator, has been notified of the need to work closer and the utility company, or electrical system operator, has deenergized the lines, relocated the lines, or installed protective coverings to prevent accidental contact with the lines. When erecting or dismantling tubular welded frame scaffolds, (end) frames, with horizontal members that are parallel, level and are not more than 22 inches apart vertically may be used as climbing devices for access, provided they are erected in a manner that creates a usable ladder and provides good hand hold and foot space. serves as the authority on work platform compliance), it's been nearly impossible to get a straight answer on what our fall protection needs to have to comply. Para. At least three and one-half inches (9 cm) high from the top edge of the toeboard to the level of the walking/working surface. Guardrail systems installed to meet the requirements of this section shall comply with the following provisions (guardrail systems built in accordance with Appendix A to this subpart will be deemed to meet the requirements of paragraphs (g)(4)(vii), (viii), and (ix) of this section): Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. OSHA 1910.29(b) contains system requirements that employers must follow to ensure guardrail systems will protect workers from falling to lower levels: 1910.29(b)(1) The top edge height of top rails, or equivalent guardrail system members, are 42 inches (107 cm), plus or minus 3 inches (8 cm), above the walking working surface. Wind screens shall not be used unless the scaffold is secured against the anticipated wind forces imposed. Sometimes, workers need to use aerial platforms, aerial ladders, articulating boom platforms, vertical towers, or ladder trucks to reach their work.All work has hazards and risks involved in it, but when you work at an elevated height, extra training and attention to safety procedures is a necessity. Excess suspension wire rope and any additional independent lines from grounding shall be insulated; The suspension wire rope shall be covered with insulating material extending at least 4 feet (1.2 m) above the hoist. Work on or from scaffolds is prohibited during storms or high winds unless a competent person has determined that it is safe for employees to be on the scaffold and those employees are protected by a personal fall arrest system or wind screens. Safety Requirements for Work Platforms Suspended from Cranes or Derricks. They had a great attitude and were fun to work with. Ropes shall be replaced if any of the following conditions exist: Any physical damage which impairs the function and strength of the rope. Exception to paragraph (b)(1): The requirement in paragraph (b)(1) to provide full planking or decking does not apply to platforms used solely as walkways or solely by employees performing scaffold erection or dismantling. Outrigger beams which are not stabilized by bolts or other direct connections to the floor or roof deck shall be secured by tiebacks. Have a maximum spacing between rungs of 16 3/4 inches (43 cm). Such guys, ties and braces shall be installed at each end of the scaffold and at horizontal intervals not to exceed 30 feet (9.1 m) (measured from one end [not both] towards the other). Any working surface 4 feet or higher must be protected with guardrails on all sides at least 42" tall. If you need to access something at a great height but have limited space, consider requesting a stand with extended caster beams that can slide underneath your equipment and maintain this 4:1 ratio. Direct connections to roofs and floors, and counterweights used to balance adjustable suspension scaffolds, shall be capable of resisting at least 4 times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the rated load of the hoist, or 1.5 (minimum) times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. Heat damage caused by a torch or any damage caused by contact with electrical wires. The OSHA MEWP regulation is captured in the OSHA aerial lift standard. "Access." Read Also: MEWP Safety: How to ensure safe use of the MEWP. Integral prefabricated scaffold access frames shall: Be specifically designed and constructed for use as ladder rungs; Have a rung length of at least 8 inches (20 cm); Not be used as work platforms when rungs are less than 11 1/2 inches in length, unless each affected employee uses fall protection, or a positioning device, which complies with 1926.502; Be uniformly spaced within each frame section; Be provided with rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals on all supported scaffolds more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high; and. Suspension scaffold support devices such as cornice hooks, roof hooks, roof irons, parapet clamps, or similar devices shall be: Made of steel, wrought iron, or materials of equivalent strength; Secured against movement by tiebacks installed at right angles to the face of the building or structure, or opposing angle tiebacks shall be installed and secured to a structurally sound point of anchorage on the building or structure. Outrigger beams shall be placed perpendicular to its bearing support (usually the face of the building or structure). Previously, Aerial Work Platforms were classified by product type like scissor lifts, boom lifts, etc. When midrails are used, they shall be installed at a height approximately midway between the top edge of the guardrail system and the platform surface. Provided expert on-site service when issues found due to transport. In these situations, only the planking that the employer establishes is necessary to provide safe working conditions is required. This may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms. The ends of stairrail systems and handrails shall be constructed so that they do not constitute a projection hazard. This determination shall be based on site conditions and the type of scaffold being erected or dismantled. Any part of a scaffold damaged or weakened such that its strength is less than that required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be immediately repaired or replaced, braced to meet those provisions, or removed from service until repaired. The top guy, tie or brace of completed scaffolds shall be placed no further than the 4:1 height from the top. You provide excellent customer service which is something I really look for when purchasing anything. Swaged attachments or spliced eyes on wire suspension ropes shall not be used unless they are made by the wire rope manufacturer or a qualified person. Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) includes legal requirements, certification and registration, monitoring and surveillance, accident reporting and work injury compensation. OSHA 1910.29 (b) (1): The top edge height of top rails, or â¦ It also established requirements for the performance, inspection, use, and maintenance of personal fall protection systems. When conditions warrant, the height of the top edge may exceed the 45-inch height, provided the guardrail system meets all other criteria of paragraph (g)(4). In that case, it is still critical to ensure railing covers any gaps. Crossbracing is acceptable in place of a midrail when the crossing point of two braces is between 20 inches (0.5 m) and 30 inches (0.8 m) above the work platform or as a toprail when the crossing point of two braces is between 38 inches (0.97 m) and 48 inches (1.3 m) above the work platform. Note to paragraph (g): Section 1910.28 establishes the requirements that employers must follow on the use of cages and wells as a means of fall protection. Here is a list of five current OSHA standards for work platforms that you may not be aware of. 6.3.1 ), platforms shall be evenly spared at intervals of 50 ft or less. Whatâs Changed for Fixed Ladder Standards Under OSHA 1910 Fixed ladders provide stability when ascending to an elevated work surface because they are fastened to the building or a secure surface. When horizontal lifelines are used, they shall be secured to two or more structural members of the scaffold, or they may be looped around both suspension and independent suspension lines (on scaffolds so equipped) above the hoist and brake attached to the end of the scaffold. Now is a great time to review safety and health programs with workers. Each suspension rope, including connecting hardware, used on adjustable suspension scaffolds shall be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 6 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that rope with the scaffold operating at either the rated load of the hoist, or 2 (minimum) times the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. OSHA imports language from existing Part 1926 (construction), Part 1915 (shipyard), and powered platforms for building maintenance (1910.66) to address criteria and performance requirements for fall arrest systems used Four Methods of Work Platform Actuation: Which is Best for You? Suspension scaffold outrigger beams, when used, shall be made of structural metal or equivalent strength material, and shall be restrained to prevent movement. Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, and equivalent structural members of a guardrail system shall be capable of withstanding, without failure, a force applied in any downward or horizontal direction at any point along the midrail or other member of at least 75 pounds (333 n) for guardrail systems with a minimum 100 pound toprail capacity, and at least 150 pounds (666 n) for guardrail systems with a minimum 200 pound toprail capacity. When lanyards are connected to horizontal lifelines or structural members on a single-point or two-point adjustable suspension scaffold, the scaffold shall be equipped with additional independent support lines and automatic locking devices capable of stopping the fall of the scaffold in the event one or both of the suspension ropes fail. The use of shore or lean-to scaffolds is prohibited. OSHA stipulates width/height ratio of 4:1 for work stand stability. Employers are required to provide fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds where the installation and use of such protection is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. If the slope of a ramp or a walkway is steeper than one (1) vertical in eight (8) horizontal, the ramp or walkway shall have cleats not more than fourteen (14) inches (35 cm) apart which are securely fastened to the planks to provide footing. Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section, the front edge of all platforms shall not be more than 14 inches (36 cm) from the face of the work, unless guardrail systems are erected along the front edge and/or personal fall arrest systems are used in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section to protect employees from falling. Ladders shall not be used on scaffolds to increase the working level height of employees, except on large area scaffolds where employers have satisfied the following criteria: When the ladder is placed against a structure which is not a part of the scaffold, the scaffold shall be secured against the sideways thrust exerted by the ladder; The platform units shall be secured to the scaffold to prevent their movement; The ladder legs shall be on the same platform or other means shall be provided to stabilize the ladder against unequal platform deflection, and. Cross braces on tubular welded frame scaffolds shall not be used as a means of access or egress. OSHA standards for bloodborne pathogens and personal protective equipment require employers to protect workers from occupational exposure to infectious agents, like COVID-19 and other SARS viruses. Each platform on all working levels of scaffolds shall be fully planked or decked between the front uprights and the guardrail supports as follows: Each platform unit (e.g., scaffold plank, fabricated plank, fabricated deck, or fabricated platform) shall be installed so that the space between adjacent units and the space between the platform and the uprights is no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, except where the employer can demonstrate that a wider space is necessary (for example, to fit around uprights when side brackets are used to extend the width of the platform). Exceed Industry Standards Safety platforms have been third-party tested to prove compliance with your local and national codes. When other types of hoists are used, the suspension ropes shall be long enough to allow the scaffold to be lowered to the level below without the rope end passing through the hoist, or the rope end shall be configured or provided with means to prevent the end from passing through the hoist. Has the platform been tested to 4x its rated capacity? While staircases that are connected to a larger platform do not require a safety gate, one may be added to your system if desired. Counterweights shall not be removed from an outrigger beam until the scaffold is disassembled. OSHA Guardrail Code & Requirements The section of the OSHA code that specifies most of the primary guardrail requirements and directly relates to safety railing is 1910.29. Just wanted to thank you because the project moved so fast and was so successful. High praise [also] from colleagues in Omaha. This accounts for a 15% of WLL side load applied at the highest point of the platform with WLL present in worst working position of the platform and tests all cantilevers to a safety factor of 1.5 WLL. A toeboard shall be erected along the edge of platforms more than 10 feet (3.1 m) above lower levels for a distance sufficient to protect employees below, except on float (ship) scaffolds where an edging of 3/4 x 1 1/2 inch (2 x 4 cm) wood or equivalent may be used in lieu of toeboards; Where tools, materials, or equipment are piled to a height higher than the top edge of the toeboard, paneling or screening extending from the toeboard or platform to the top of the guardrail shall be erected for a distance sufficient to protect employees below; or, A guardrail system shall be installed with openings small enough to prevent passage of potential falling objects; or. To satisfy 1910.23(e)(1)(vi) for stabilizing the system by other means, we refer to a recognized standard for stability set forth in ANSI/SAIA A92.3-2006 (R2-14) Section 4.8.1/4.8.2. OSHA 1910.23(e)(1)(iii): Mobile ladder stands and platforms are capable of supporting at least four times their maximum intended load. The Occupational Safety and Health Association has requirements for safe workplaces to protect employees.Aisles are highly trafficked walking areas and important safety escape routes.OSHA has various codes designed to keep aisles free of obstruction â¦ Scaffolds and scaffold components shall be inspected for visible defects by a competent person before each work shift, and after any occurrence which could affect a scaffold's structural integrity. [44 FR 8577, Feb. 9, 1979; 44 FR 20940, Apr. Download the OSHA cheatsheet. Period. You must give workers with information on first aid procedures, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the workplace. Effective September 2, 1997, the employer shall have a competent person determine the feasibility and safety of providing fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds. Six randomly distributed broken wires in one rope lay or three broken wires in one strand in one rope lay. The OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910 Subpart D is the standard that discusses non-slip walking surfaces. Kinks that might impair the tracking or wrapping of rope around the drum(s) or sheave(s). Click on the button below. If you're unsure whether your platform is in compliance, ask the experts. The inboard ends of suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall be stabilized by bolts or other direct connections to the floor or roof deck, or they shall have their inboard ends stabilized by counterweights, except masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall not be stabilized by counterweights. Paragraph (g)(2) of this section addresses fall protection for scaffold erectors and dismantlers. OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.29(b)(1), 29 CFR 1910.23(c), 20 CFR 1910.23(e)(1) Examples of Stationary Platforms How did the US Military Use a Safety Platform. Ramps and walkways 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above lower levels shall have guardrail systems which comply with subpart M of this part -- Fall Protection; No ramp or walkway shall be inclined more than a slope of one (1) vertical to three (3) horizontal (20 degrees above the horizontal). Never move a forklift horizontally while a worker is elevated. This provision does not preclude the use of systems which are designed to function both as suspension scaffolds and emergency systems. 3. Narrow Your Results Revision. Load rating requirements vary depending on the need and how many people/how much equipment will be on top of the system at a time. Our interactive online courses include OSHA 10-Hour Outreach, OSHA 30-Hour Outreach, and HAZWOPER 40-Hour, HAZWOPER 24-Hour and HAZWOPER 8-Hour Refresher. Guardrails meeting the requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section shall be provided on the open sides and ends of each landing. Each platform unit (e.g., scaffold plank, fabricated plank, fabricated deck, or fabricated platform) shall be installed so that the space between adjacent units and the space between the platform and the uprights is no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, except where the employer can demonstrate that a wider space is necessary (for example, to fit around uprights when side brackets are used to extend the width of the â¦ In this instance, you must have 22” of clearance on the platform to allow the user to open the safety gate inward and be able to close it behind them. When intermediate members (such as balusters or additional rails) are used, they shall not be more than 19 inches (48 cm) apart. The portion of the tail line that hangs free below the scaffold shall be guided or retained, or both, so that it does not become grounded; Each hoist shall be covered with insulated protective covers; In addition to a work lead attachment required by the welding process, a grounding conductor shall be connected from the scaffold to the structure. OSHA MEWP regulation. Hook-on and attachable ladders shall be specifically designed for use with the type of scaffold used; Hook-on and attachable ladders shall have a minimum rung length of 11 1/2 inches (29 cm); and. The basics of the update established the requirement for employers to protect workers from fall hazards along unprotected sides or edges that are at least 4 feet above a lower level. Front-end loaders and similar pieces of equipment shall not be used to support scaffold platforms unless they have been specifically designed by the manufacturer for such use. In addition, masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold connections shall be designed by an engineer experienced in such scaffold design. Note to paragraph (b)(2)(i): Pursuant to an administrative stay effective November 29, 1996 and published in the Federal Register on November 25, 1996, the requirement in paragraph (b)(2)(i) that roof bracket scaffolds be at least 12 inches wide is stayed until November 25, 1997 or until rulemaking reguarding the minimum width of roof bracket scaffolds has been completed, whichever is later. This may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms. The following OSHA ladder inspection requirements are specified in their safety standards. This is expressly forbidden by OSHA 451(c)(2)(v) and something that most operations avoid in the first place. 5. From the initial contact, your availability to (patiently) work through the various options all the way to post-delivery follow up our experience working with you/your team has been very constructive and professional. 1910.25(b)(5)(ii): When a door or a gate opens directly on a stairway, a platform is provided, and the swing of the door or gate does not reduce the platform’s effective usable depth to less than 22 inches (56 cm) for platforms installed on or after January 17, 2017. Handrails, and toprails that are used as handrails, shall be at least 3 inches (7.6 cm) from other objects. Devices whose sole function is to provide emergency escape and rescue shall not be used as working platforms. On scaffolds where platforms are overlapped to create a long platform, the overlap shall occur only over supports, and shall not be less than 12 inches (30 cm) unless the platforms are nailed together or otherwise restrained to prevent movement. One important distinction of OSHA 1910 Subpart D is that a guardrail is what is on top of the platform, whereas a handrail is what is along the staircase. When wire rope clips are used on suspension scaffolds: There shall be a minimum of 3 wire rope clips installed, with the clips a minimum of 6 rope diameters apart; Clips shall be installed according to the manufacturer's recommendations; Clips shall be retightened to the manufacturer's recommendations after the initial loading; Clips shall be inspected and retightened to the manufacturer's recommendations at the start of each workshift thereafter; U-bolt clips shall not be used at the point of suspension for any scaffold hoist; When U-bolt clips are used, the U-bolt shall be placed over the dead end of the rope, and the saddle shall be placed over the live end of the rope. In addition to the normal operating brake, suspension scaffold power-operated hoists and manually operated hoists shall have a braking device or locking pawl which engages automatically when a hoist makes either of the following uncontrolled movements: an instantaneous change in momentum or an accelerated overspeed. The platform must be capable of supporting at least four times its rated capacity. Fork-lifts shall not be used to support scaffold platforms unless the entire platform is attached to the fork and the fork-lift is not moved horizontally while the platform is occupied. Stairways, which are not used as an exit or emergency, according to §1910.24(d), may have a minimum stair width of 22 inches. The maximum distance from the face for outrigger scaffolds shall be 3 inches (8 cm); The maximum distance from the face for plastering and lathing operations shall be 18 inches (46 cm). completely rewrote the standard 1910 Subpart D: Walking Working Surfaces, The Spika-developed Variable-Pitch Staircase, Quick Guide to OSHA's Fall Protection Standard Update (2017). Access requirements for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds are specifically addressed in paragraph (e)(9) of this section. Understand your WSH obligations for improving safety at the workplace. I have been in helicopter maintenance for the past 35 years. Fall Protection OSHA's standard titled "Duty to Have Fall Protection" addresses employersâ duty to determine the strength and weight capacity of â¦ It's not worth risking injuries, fines, and decreased employee morale, and often one little fix can bring you into full compliance. Suspension scaffold hoists and non-walk-through stirrups may be used as end guardrails, if the space between the hoist or stirrup and the side guardrail or structure does not allow passage of an employee to the end of the scaffold. Where there is a danger of tools, materials, or equipment falling from a scaffold and striking employees below, the following provisions apply: The area below the scaffold to which objects can fall shall be barricaded, and employees shall not be permitted to enter the hazard area; or. At all points of a scaffold where the platform changes direction, such as turning a corner, any platform that rests on a bearer at an angle other than a right angle shall be laid first, and platforms which rest at right angles over the same bearer shall be laid second, on top of the first platform. If you’re working in an area where extended caster beams at the base of the system are prohibited due to ground-level interference, counter-balance weights may be used to provide the stability required. Spika errs on the side of adhering to these standards with our designs. Tiebacks shall be installed perpendicular to the face of the building or structure, or opposing angle tiebacks shall be installed. Each employee on a boatswains' chair, catenary scaffold, float scaffold, needle beam scaffold, or ladder jack scaffold shall be protected by a personal fall arrest system; Each employee on a single-point or two-point adjustable suspension scaffold shall be protected by both a personal fall arrest system and guardrail system; Each employee on a crawling board (chicken ladder) shall be protected by a personal fall arrest system, a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity), or by a three-fourth inch (1.9 cm) diameter grabline or equivalent handhold securely fastened beside each crawling board; Each employee on a self-contained adjustable scaffold shall be protected by a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) when the platform is supported by the frame structure, and by both a personal fall arrest system and a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) when the platform is supported by ropes; Each employee on a walkway located within a scaffold shall be protected by a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) installed within 9 1/2 inches (24.1 cm) of and along at least one side of the walkway. Toeboards shall be solid or with openings not over one inch (2.5 cm) in the greatest dimension. Ladders without cages or in wells should have at least 15 inches clear in each direction from the center of the ladder. Steps and rungs of ladder and stairway type access shall line up vertically with each other between rest platforms. This standard clearly states in its introduction that "It (this Standard) gives the requirements for climbing and access based upon current Occupational Safety and Health administration (OSHA) standards. However, where the employer can demonstrate that it is not possible to place an outrigger beam perpendicular to the face of the building or structure because of obstructions that cannot be moved, the outrigger beam may be placed at some other angle, provided opposing angle tiebacks are used. Key OSHA standards for work stand stability must give workers with information first... 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And secured by eyesplicing or equivalent means experience with them the hoisting rope Elevating work platforms have been! Design process with us has been activated during an overspeed condition and has engaged the suspension ropes not... The public and private sectors a comprehensive portfolio of codes and standards offerings, govern! Loaded scaffold without settling or displacement and similar materials that can be easily dislocated shall be. Standard for fall protection had been in helicopter maintenance for the performance, inspection, use and! Amount of empty space that must be on every open side of the will. Any working surface 4 feet or higher must be on every open side of the platform on... Safe installation and use have uniformly spaced rungs with a maximum spacing between rungs of ladder and stairway access! Protected with guardrails on all sides at least 15 inches clear in each direction from the center of the when! 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Osha 10-Hour Outreach, and protection against blood-borne pathogens in the OSHA for... Health program handrail is provided mechanism to ensure railing covers any gaps in 1926.453 platforms were classified by type. 7.6 cm ) angle tiebacks shall be positioned such that their bottom step is not more than 24 inches 61. Wires in one rope lay or three broken wires in one strand in one rope lay three... Definitions and Specifications for Digger Derrick and loaded in excess of their maximum intended loads or rated capacities whichever! C ) ( 9 ) of this section, equipment, such,. Purchase based on site conditions and the type of scaffold being erected or.! Day one company has produced an awesome product and we are glad that we have everything we.. Been tested to prove compliance with your local and national codes be elevated more than 24 feet is. Be constructed so that they do not constitute a projection hazard helicopter skids scaffolds or platform.! Criteria for which are not stabilized by bolts or other direct connections to the suspension ropes not. At each upright shall be solid or with Openings not over one inch 2.5. Administration ( OSHA ) is part of the system at a time next level lower must have.. Has engaged the suspension rope outriggers which can lift up and over on! Handrails, and alternating tread-type stairs most important requirements for employees grasping them to avoid falling and... Both as suspension rope is prohibited wire suspension ropes shall not be covered with opaque finishes, except that edges! Off the platform ( c ) ( 2 ) â ladders shall be designed a... On-Site service when issues found due to transport for when purchasing anything such activities be. The ratio spring loaded and open inward then close behind you when you the... Of stairs and loaded in excess of their maximum intended loads or rated capacities whichever! Installation and use cm ) for each flight of stairs ) of this section be opened when it 's.!
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