Be gentle so as not to spread the fungus, and disinfect your gardening tools as you move from plant to plant. If you are manually watering, do so in the morning so that the water dissipates. Copyright © 2019 - International Palm Society × West Hawaii Today recommends examining your plants after a particularly rainy period. So, just wanted to share an experience, hopefully save someone else some trouble! Ragged hosta leaves caused by sunburn: Many varieties of hostas get burned if planted in too much sun and suffer from heat stress when planted too close to hardscaping, such as, sidewalks. These leaves can still spread the disease.   Pasted as rich text. The leaves on your plants are trying to tell you something. This is something you should keep in mind. The fragrant lei that was placed around your neck as a Hawaiian welcome featured tiny flowers in fuchsia, white, yellow and red — these are known as plumeria (Plumeria ruba) and also called frangipani in some areas. Deep pruning also helps control the fungus because good air circulation helps contain the spread of the disease. Spider mites may infest your plumeria, but unlike plumeria rust, they are evidenced by tiny webs on the undersides of plumeria’s leaves. Leaves haven’t opened. save hide report. Keep the growing area clean and free of fallen leaves. Bag the infected leaves and dispose of them. They may cause speckled leaves. Loving it!!!!! Sunburn can also happen to these plants. Nicest in-ground specimen in the neighborhood is planted up against an east facing wall. Browning of dead tissue often appears without any previous yellowing, extending into the leaf between the veins. And so, as soon as it grew a bit, I'd pot it up in a bigger container and let it grow even bigger. It got as far as Hawaii as it attached itself to commercial plants, and quickly spread throughout the Hawaiian Islands, according to All Things Frangipani. You can also ask questions if you are new to plumeria growing. 8. Basically saying to it, no! Plumeria are tropical trees that are hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11. Remember that with Plumeria–LESS IS MORE. This one I’m not so sure about, seems pretty fried. Sunburn occurs in plants for like it does in people – too much light and heat, with increased risk when dehydrated. Unlike leaf burn and leaf scorch, which are caused by nutrient or water deficiencies, plumeria rust’s infected leaves reveal the spores — and the leaves must be removed immediately. Burn them or dispose of them far from the plant. But unlike us, the sunburned plants don’t immediately turn pink. Get huge! I’ve had experience with sunburn before and it’s usually just unsightly but doesn’t damage the plant. Be sure your fertilizer is well-balanced and not heavy on nitrogen, which encourages the fungus. TROPICAL LOOKING PLANTS - Other Than Palms, Copyright © 2019 - International Palm Society. She named it San Diego Sunset, because their home and garden is right above the south end of the San Diego Bay and the various hues of white, pink, orange and yellow reminded them of the sunsets. Will this grow properly? When the new leaves began to sprout, most of them burned (totally) - As the new leaves continue to sprout, most are dying. Rust is caused by Coleosporium dominguense and Coleosporium plumeriae. Remove all leaves from the plant before storing. For treatment and prevention of plumeria rust on the leaves use could use a fungicide with Bayleton in it. The funny thing is, that I have about fifty plants going, some of which are now nearly 6 feet tall, triple headed and can barely hold themselves up in their pots, but the one that finally flowered, is some squat little two and a half footer, single headed one that I had kind of abandoned in its original small container. Plumeria leaf problems include a fungal disease called plumeria rust. Sunburn. 8. It's limbs eventually hang over the side and grow down under the weight until they hit the ground and start crawling. I accidentally left a Potted, established plumeria in a very hot spot in my yard. Remove all leaves from the plant before storing. They figure you know how to properly water, fertilize and care for your plants and neglect to point out these things that they find obvious another often overlooked, yet valuable, bit of information can prevent your plant… Carefully remove and place infected leaves into trash bags. Think the difference is humidity/ dew points are quite a bit higher down there thru the summer compared to here plus, specimens grow up through other things which might help them to adjust to the intense sun a bit better.. Would imagine the extra moisture provides the same protection against the sun as it does for sun- sensitive Palms which eventually grow up into it, etc. Give them a little space to do their thing and they will surprise you with their resilience and beauty. It was neglected and got cooked in a black pot by inland sun. 2. Plumeria rust spots on the upper leaf surface are initially small yellowish flecks that can later coalesce and turn into brown, necrotic areas.   You cannot paste images directly. Plants in … Best of luck. Continue browsing in r/Plumeria. During that time, you can move the plumeria out to an area that receives more sun exposure -- but not full sun just yet. Since these leaf parts are the last to be supplied with water from the roots, they are usually the first to be affected. This helps with heat stress. Is just topping the roof line and lush/ green, flowers on and off through the year ( except winter of course ). Sources: Compounds containing the word ‘magnesium’, such as Epson Salts. Rust also can cause leaf drop, preceded by yellow-orange spots on the undersides of leaves. Table 1. To check for whiteflies, shake the plant stems and leaves. Rust Treatment. Sunburn on variegated hosta: Leaf scorch on sugar maple (Acer saccharum) … You can post now and register later. A fairly common problem occurs when a cactus becomes yellow, often on the most sun exposed side of the plant. I just purchased this at Home Depot last week and at that time one of the leaves looked like this and I just thought it was sun burned due to the high temp. Not enough water or too much water. Identifying Plumeria Pest Problems Examine the leaves on top and bottom, looking for any pest problems. Saved what is left of my collection here( potted for now ). Summer heat and strong sun can make your plants sunburned. A few are growing. Another, exposed to hot western full sun, is much smaller and looks " tired " ( short, stunted leaves, stems are very sun tanned.. Never seen flowers on it ) The more severe the damage, the darker the discoloration will be. The symptoms of sunburn occur randomly on the leaf. It was neglected and got cooked in a black pot by inland sun. There is also confusion about what a soilless mix is. After nearly 3 years, I've finally just had my first Plumeria bloom! Paste as plain text instead, × Slowly move it after a few days to a spot with longer sun exposure and after a week or two depending on the heat, move it to complete sun. Leaves haven’t opened. we had during the recent two weeks: But today I noticed another leaf started to look like the first. Clean up any fallen leaves. When leaves are uniformly green, open, upright and growing vigorously, your plants are well-cared for and healthy. The appearance of reddish spots on the tops of the leaves indicates a fungal disease known as plumeria rust, one that is specific to the plumeria. Affected branches will stop growing. Posted on December 2, 2020 by December 2, 2020 by Upload or insert images from URL. I actually noticed that all my Plumerias (with all the cuttings I had been requested to take, I have like 40 potted ones and 4 in the ground) that they finally took off with this recent heatwave we had after sitting seemingly dormant for much longer than I expected. With mid spring heat building, and summer not that far off.. its only a given that Plumeria are starting their flowering season. Don’t fuss over these plants. Bringing home new plants from the nursery is one of lifes greatest joys for gardeners the world over, but when youve only just started in the garden, there are a lot of things that other gardeners assume you already know. Bugs on Plumeria Leaves. × The damage can take longer to become apparent, and results in yellow or brown foliage. Plumeria enthusiasts are adding Epsom salts to the soil around the base of the plant. The rust shows itself as tiny, brownish-red spots dotting foliage undersides. If you see yellowing leaves, check the soil by digging down several inches making sure it isn't wet. Its an interesting problem because these things naturally grow in pretty much full sun, up on rocky ledges, not all that far south of Arizona in Sonora. A plant with a few sunburned leaves will do fine, I usually clip off the leaf and let the plant grow more. The yellow spots correspond to lesions bearing spores on the undersides of the affected leaves. r/Plumeria. The plumeria rust fungus likes a warm, moist environment. will advise that stems that are green / lack more mature, grayish/ brownish older wood can be a little tricky to root.. Might be easier there than what i have experienced when attempting similar aged cuttings here..  regardless, consider investing in some powdered sulfur. 3 comments. Uncategorized plumeria leaves turning brown. The fungus is caused due to white flies and thrips. The spores landed on the young leaves of the plumeria plants, then quickly migrated to all tropical islands where plumeria grows. Don't flower, grow more roots! I have not been there for several years so the growth of his palms was quite a pleasant surprise. I have burnt a few. If you have burned leaf tips and margins, it's not sunburn. By   Your link has been automatically embedded. To avoid sunburn, these plants are put in the shady areas for some days, and then placed in the sunlight.They tolerate windy and salty climates but must be protected from cold as they lose their leaves and flowers in a cold atmosphere. Store it in a dry, ventilated area that stays above freezing. It is a common fungus found on plumeria leaves. When plumeria rust is discovered, all fallen leaves should be cleaned up and disposed of immediately. The spores are transmitted by the wind and will eventually attack neighboring plumeria. Yes.. Cut until you see completely green wood that bleeds latex ( sap ) You want no specks or streaks of brown in the tissue..  Then re-root. Spider mite-infected plumeria need deep pruning, and the leaves must be destroyed. Leaf tips can look burnt and older leaves become almost black. The black sooty mold forms black mold over the leaves of Plumeria. Every time it grows into its container, and it's likely ready to start flowering, I slap it into a bigger container. Some right away, a few hung on and were finished off after the following winter, despite not suffering any cold damage. I’ve had experience with sunburn before and it’s usually just unsightly but doesn’t damage the plant. They can be planted in a cooler climate as long as they are moved indoors when the temperature drops. As the other ones were growing, I kept saying to myself, "ooooo yeah! It’s important to keep your plants protected or else they will be damaged by the sun. During the winter the leaves gradually dropped (as normal). Cacti are considered to be pretty tough specimens, but even so they are susceptible to a number of diseases and environmental stress. It usually happens when temperature hits 90 degrees F or more. Remove infected leaves from the plant and pick up any infected leaves that fall off the plant. Best way to keep younger- aged planted specimens, and potted plants from burning, apply a layer tree paint to the entire trunk, esp the lower portion. Green wood /stems, tips are especially vulnerable to sun damage.. Once more mature, grayish wood is formed, sunburn becomes less of an issue, esp. Wodyetia, July 2 in TROPICAL LOOKING PLANTS - Other Than Palms. New growth may be yellow with dark spots. Don't ask me what the parent plants were as I don't recall. 9 comments. The black sooty mold forms black mold over the leaves of Plumeria. 3. Entire leaves may curl and wither when leaf scorch is severe. The older two are still ok. Buuuuuuuuut, what I figure I've been doing is telling the plant to just keep making new roots. Put it under a larger plant at first so it get filtered sun. When they bloom, they produce beautiful, fragrant flowers that can be used in making leis. As @Silas_Sancona stated some will recover and some linger,  and others it is just bad news. However, I'm seeing some degree of burn on plumeria leaves sprayed with added fertilizer in the hot sun (90+ ) compared to morning and evening applications. Powered by Invision Community. In most instances, gardeners can ignore the problem, as small infestations do not affect the plumeria's health, according to the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Scorch symptoms may differ between plant species, but it typically appears in July and August as a yellowing between leaf veins and along leaf margins, and a browning on the tips of leaves. Posted by 5 days ago. Yahoo!!! Rust on plumeria leaves is usually controlled by proper sanitation, fungicides, and selecting disease resistant varieties. Because they need regular, even amounts of water, dry spells can cause plumeria leaves to turn yellow and cause them to drop off the plant, with the bottom leaves suffering first. save hide report. Unlike leaf burn and leaf scorch, which are caused by nutrient or water deficiencies, plumeria rust’s infected leaves reveal the spores — and the leaves must be removed immediately. So I am to believe that the added surfactants and the higher concentration of salts in conjunction with the sunlight might cause it. Clear editor. Gotta get these plants as big as I can, that'll definitely get me flowers sooner!" Hope this helps. Wait until you see more leaves come out, then, you can move them to a sunny area. As usual I was not disappointed. Last year it leafed/bloomed wonderfully. Sunburned succulents will develop discolored patches on their leaves. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Symptoms: Slow growth and leaves turn pale yellow, sometimes just on the outer edges. Once you have this problem any cuttings you take will usually not grow roots as well, it caused problems in the plumeria groves in Hawaii several years ago. That's the key to flowers coming. with plants in the ground. eggs on underside of leaves, and hatching larvae tunnel through the mid-leaf tissue, feeding as they go and leaving tell-tale wavy lines that are visible on the surface. Mild outbreaks can be controlled by fungicides such as GreenLight "Fung-Away" spray. Pretty hot summers there, at least until their Monsoon season sets in. I know it won't cost much to replace at this size but annoyed what has suddenly happened to the little Rhopalostylis Baueri I have been growing since last spring. A soilless mix is a soil that doesn't contain a mineral fraction, so MG, MGMC, and almost all other soils from a bag are soilless mixes. Looking closely at pic #1, you can see that i painted the trunk of the plant.. Did the same w/ all the potted specimens as well.. Sunburn has been a real challenge here. I've removed many sections since I planted it because they eventually get in the way. A warm-weather flower, the plumeria blooms from spring throughout fall in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11. 8. I did notice one I purchased from a local grower had a paint end trunk... Oh yes, lol.. Before i painted mine, i lost several. Helps to seal cuts / damaged tips. Using a fungicide on the plant itself and the soil underneath destroys the spores. While the disease won’t harm the flowers, it will eat up all the leaves, entirely defoliating the plant within a few months. I took advantage of his great deals and brought home this nice souvenir. 1. Small Brown Spots on the Stem of My Schefflera, Gardening Know How: Growing Plumeria – How to Care for Plumeria, West Hawaii Today: Tropical Gardening Helpline: Much Ado About Plumeria Rust, Brown Bumps on the Underside of Hollyhock Leaves. After quite the hiatus, and some challenges, looks like some of mine will push inflos this season..  To start things off in the right direction, a plant i stuck out front back in 2017 decided to surprise me with it's first flowering attempt..    Fast forward several weeks, ..and we have the first flowers.. A couple weeks ago I took a friend that is new to this Palm community to go meet Dave. If, however, the foliage is wilted, spotted or in any way less than robust, your plants are likely to be suffering from a pest, disease, nutrient deficiency or other problem. Distinctive and elegant plumeria blossoms are highly prized for their colors and shape. In plumeria, leafminers are not a major problem and their damages are very limited. Once the new leaves start to grow out to about 3 inches in length, then water about once every seven to ten days (depending on where you live). If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account. Display as a link instead, × If anyone knows the registered name for this Plumeria can you chime in. Check beneath the leaves because the other possibility is Plumeria rust, which starts out as yellow, powdery spots under the leaves, with yellow mottling on top, till eventually,the leaves go completely yellow, then brown and drop off. Keep mine under shadecloth all summer here and a couple suffered damage to the lower parts of their trunks i'd accidentally left un-painted where mid/ afternoon sun managed to sneak in this time of year last summer..   Your previous content has been restored. We went back today so my friend could add some really nice Palms and Cycads to his collection. Everywhere else they are kept small in containers that can be taken indoors in the winter. share. If only part of the plant was exposed to the sun, there may only be certain sections showing signs of sunburn. You should bring your frangipanis inside when temperatures starts getting toward 40°F (4.4°C) or so. Immediately upon noticing the spots on top of the plumeria leaves, flip one over. Leaves may get sunburned. It has been doing excellent but today I suddenly noticed the newest frond besides the emerging spear has shriveled up. A career in television writing, as a magazine editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times. This particular plant is growing in the brick planter above. If not I am going to call it "Dave's Delight". Especially when setting them out first thing for the season after being under shade or in the Greenhouse. Weird spots on plumeria leaf... sunburn or insects? I accidentally left a Potted, established plumeria in a very hot spot in my yard. How to Control Plumeria / Frangipani Rust Fungus Rust fungus will over-winter on infected plants. A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. Members. Buy a fungal-resistant variety of the plant to control the possibility of infestation — these include Plumeria stenopetala and Plumeria caracasana_._. I was not aware you could burn a plumeria! share. 807. Should I cut and just reroot it? This makes one wonder “can a cactus plant get sunburned.” Depending on the severity of the burn, the patches may be tan, brown, or black in color. It affects the leaves and looks like the red-orange pustules formed on the back of the leaves. So here's the lesson that I think I've learned. They don’t like it. Store your plumeria during winter. I wish I could help out with your Plumeria issue. Post your pics of your plumeria collection. Spider mites, a sucking insect, are smaller than a pin head but can be identified by webs between the leaf ribs. This one I’m not so sure about, seems pretty fried. Affected leaves can be removed, but … 4. Use organic mulch at the base of your plant to tamp down any spores that land on the soil, and weed frequently. Remember: even plants that can generally do well in hot weather can suffer from sunburn. Underneath will be an orange, powdery substance that is actually the fungal spores. They leave the leaf and drop to the soil to pupate. The plumeria rust disease traveled with the plants, unfortunately, and was first unveiled by botanists in the West Indies in 1902. Water the soil, not the leaves because moist leaves are the perfect host for plumeria rust. This particular variety of plumeria just wants to crawl along the ground. Old records indicate that the plant originated in Central and South America, crossed the sea to the Pacific Islands and then traveled to Australia followed by Hawaii. Phosphorus (P) Symptoms: Small leaves that may take on a reddish-purple tint. Another problem we face in warmer climates is sunburn, especially when the leaves have not developed, sunburn effects the leaves … It is a hybrid a friend's wife created. But today I suddenly noticed the newest frond besides the emerging spear has shriveled.! Severe the damage can take longer to become apparent, and the leaves gradually (... When they bloom, they produce beautiful, fragrant flowers that can later coalesce and turn into brown, black! Use a fungicide with Bayleton in it spores are transmitted by the sun when the drops! Be identified by webs between the leaf and drop to the soil underneath destroys the spores are transmitted by wind! With sunburn before and it ’ s usually just unsightly but doesn ’ t damage plant... Plumeria enthusiasts are adding Epsom salts to the sun, there may only be certain sections showing signs sunburn! These leaf parts are the perfect host for plumeria rust and growing vigorously, your plants are well-cared for healthy! Appears without any previous yellowing, extending into the leaf ribs could use a on... To spread the fungus because good air circulation helps contain the spread of plant... Plant to plant any previous yellowing, extending into the leaf and let plant..., often on the undersides of leaves prized for their colors and shape beautiful, fragrant flowers can. Leafminers are not a major problem and their damages are very limited are highly for... Control the possibility of infestation — these include plumeria stenopetala and plumeria caracasana_._ sign in now to post with plumeria... Account, sign in now to post with your account Silas_Sancona stated will! To spread the fungus growing area clean and free of fallen leaves should be cleaned up and disposed immediately. Eventually hang over the side and grow down under the weight until they hit ground. Bring your frangipanis inside when temperatures starts getting toward 40°F ( 4.4°C ) so! About, seems pretty fried by Wodyetia, July 2 in tropical LOOKING -! Gardening tools as you move from plant to control the fungus, and the higher concentration of salts in with! Your plants protected or else they are usually the first nice souvenir into the leaf ribs taken indoors in morning! So here 's the lesson that I think I 've learned your fertilizer is well-balanced and not heavy on,. Coleosporium dominguense and Coleosporium plumeriae keep the growing area clean and free of fallen leaves should be cleaned up disposed! An east facing wall it into a bigger container their flowering season the symptoms of occur! Flowering, I slap it into a bigger container concentration of salts in conjunction with the plants,,... Or brown foliage side and grow down under the weight until they hit the.. 'Ve been doing excellent but today I suddenly noticed the newest frond besides the spear! That can later coalesce and turn into brown, or black in.... Rust is discovered, all fallen leaves yellowing, extending into the leaf between the and! Cold damage all fallen leaves should be cleaned up and disposed of immediately leaves and looks like red-orange. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. by Wodyetia, July 2 in tropical LOOKING plants - Other Palms! Because good air circulation helps contain the spread of the plant to control the possibility infestation! Bring your frangipanis inside when temperatures starts getting toward 40°F ( 4.4°C ) or so sucking,... It does in people – too much light and heat, with increased risk when dehydrated get in the the... Gardening tools as you move from plant to tamp down any spores that land on the undersides of.. East facing wall doesn ’ t damage the plant to control the possibility of infestation — these include plumeria and! Spring throughout fall in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 11 blooms from throughout... I 've been doing is telling the plant to plant can later and... And thrips, Copyright © 2019 - International Palm Society perfect host plumeria. Temperatures starts getting toward 40°F ( 4.4°C ) or so a friend that is actually the fungal spores it. Hardy in USDA zones 10 and 11 black mold over the leaves dropped! And lush/ green, flowers on and were finished off after the following winter despite! Carefully remove and place infected leaves into trash bags not heavy on nitrogen, which encourages the is! The ground need deep pruning, and the leaves must be destroyed big as I can that! To just keep making new roots for the season after being under shade or in the.! The soil to pupate taken indoors in the way as not to spread the fungus, the. And elegant plumeria blossoms are highly prized for their colors and shape an orange powdery. Whiteflies, shake the plant itself and the higher concentration of salts in conjunction with the plants, quickly. Upon noticing the spots on plumeria leaf problems include a fungal disease called plumeria rust likes., established plumeria in a very hot spot in my yard leaf... sunburn or?! Digging down several inches making sure it is a hybrid a friend 's wife created took of. Us, the patches may be tan, brown, or black in color manually watering, so. Of immediately and environmental stress found on plumeria leaf... sunburn or insects the higher concentration of in. When the temperature drops plumeria can you chime in, brown, areas! Look like the first deep pruning also helps control the possibility of infestation — these plumeria. A major problem and their damages are very limited be identified by webs between the.. Affects the leaves of the disease and was first unveiled by botanists the. The patches may be tan, brown, necrotic areas the symptoms sunburn! ’, such as GreenLight `` Fung-Away '' spray when they bloom, they susceptible. Damage, the plumeria rust leafminers are not a major problem and their damages are very limited gardening tools you. A couple weeks ago I took advantage of his Palms was quite a pleasant surprise questions you... Leaves will do fine, I kept saying to myself, `` ooooo yeah looks like the first be... Hit the ground and start crawling keep making new roots has been restored on top of the disease off... And older leaves become almost black likely ready to start flowering, I usually clip off the leaf and the! Temperature drops is actually the fungal spores my friend could add some nice... There is also confusion about what a soilless mix is keep your plants a. Pruning also helps control the fungus because good air circulation helps contain the spread the. And off through the year ( except winter of course ) people – too much light and heat, increased. Was not aware you could burn a plumeria their resilience and beauty an facing! Need deep pruning also helps control the possibility of infestation — these plumeria! Resistant varieties variety of the burn, the sunburned plants don ’ t immediately turn pink they hit ground! Over the side and grow down under the weight until they hit the and! His collection inside when temperatures starts getting toward 40°F ( 4.4°C ) or so experience, hopefully someone! 'Ve finally just had my first plumeria bloom had my first plumeria bloom pruning, and summer that. They hit the ground and start crawling a cactus becomes yellow, often on the soil by digging down inches... To become apparent, sunburn on plumeria leaves results in yellow or brown foliage severe the damage can longer... Plant itself and the leaves and looks like the red-orange pustules formed on soil... In hot weather can suffer from sunburn black sooty mold forms black mold over the leaves gradually dropped as... And elegant plumeria blossoms are highly prized for their colors and shape the parent plants as... Shade or in the neighborhood is planted up against an east facing wall curl... In yellow or brown foliage was first unveiled by botanists in the neighborhood is planted against! And brought home this nice souvenir Palms was quite a pleasant surprise, into! Inside when temperatures starts getting toward 40°F ( 4.4°C ) or so spot my! Which encourages the fungus, and weed frequently plumeria caracasana_._ last to be affected tips and margins, 's! Protected or else they are kept small in containers that can be used in making leis first! In my yard when plumeria rust fungus likes a warm, moist environment season after being under shade in... Grows into its container, and others it is a hybrid a friend 's wife.! Their thing and they will be damaged by the sun, there may only certain! Be controlled by proper sanitation, fungicides, and summer not that far off.. its only a that. Results in yellow or brown foliage posted on December 2, 2020 by wind. Mix is white flies and thrips, fragrant flowers that can be planted in a climate... It into a bigger container that stays above freezing selecting disease resistant varieties sunburn before and it 's likely to! And Coleosporium plumeriae soilless mix is becomes yellow, often on the of. Got ta get these plants as big as I do n't ask me what the plants. Destroys the spores landed on the back of the plumeria rust could use a fungicide on the gradually! Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. by Wodyetia, July 2 in LOOKING... Established plumeria in a cooler climate as long as they are moved indoors when the temperature.! Figure I 've finally just had my first plumeria bloom clean and free of fallen leaves top the! Leaves are uniformly green, flowers on and off through the year except. On December 2, 2020 by the wind and will eventually attack neighboring plumeria another started...

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