Stratigraphic evidence indicates cessation and reactivation of subduction at some trenches. Other principal rivers on Luzon include the Abra, Bicol, Chico, and Pampanga. These are especially hazardous for northern and eastern Luzon and the Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions, but Manila gets devastated periodically as well. Most rural housing has consisted of nipa huts that are easily damaged but are inexpensive and easy to replace. Required fields are marked *. Topographic maps show the earth’s natural features like mountains, lakes, rivers and man-made structures like roads, buildings, and dams.Data on ground elevation is a necessary feature of this map. In 1987 alone the Department of Social Welfare and Development helped 2.4 million victims of natural disasters. The Philippine Archipelago is geologically part of the Philippine Mobile Belt located between the Philippine Sea Plate, the South China Sea Basin of the Eurasian Plate, and the Sunda Plate. The largest plain of the nation is situated in the Central Luzon region and produces most of the national rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Bowl of the Philippines". The Philippine islands are an archipelago of over 7,000 islands lying about 500 mi (805 km) off the southeast coast of Asia. The island of Borneo lies a few … Unless otherwise indicated, the information below is taken from CIA Factbook information for the Philippines. Mount Pinatubo is notorious for its destructive VEI-6 eruption on June 15, 1991. Principal rivers on Mindanao include the Mindanao River (known as the Pulangi River in its upper reaches), and the Agusan. Each province has a capital city or municipality. Philippine Islands , 1906 A map from 1906 of the Philippine Islands, showing the province boundaries at the time, the capital in Manila and other major cities, railways, terrain, rivers, and coastal features of the island group. For example Philippines boundary line data can be used to draw border line on Google map or polyline on equirectangular map image. The predominantly flat landscape features several solitary peaks, usually active volcanoes, which include Iriga, Mayon and Bulusan. The Philippines is subdivided into 17 regions – 8 in Luzon, 3 in the Visayas, and 6 in Mindanao. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Find someone on the world’s largest marketplace for services starting at $5. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are to the SOUTH/SOUTHWEST, and Palau is to the EAST beyond the Philippine Sea. Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling, Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Four provinces in Mindanao meet at a point at the summit of, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 19:10. Thus, it is smaller and surrounded by water. From the frenetic bustle of Manila to the sleepiest barangay, this enticing welcoming destination has plenty to explore. The southern coastline is irregular, featuring two smaller peninsulas, the Sibuguey and Baganian, extending southward to the Moro Gulf. The country's most extensive river systems are the Pulangi River, which flows into the Mindanao River (Rio Grande de Mindanao); the Agusan, in Mindanao which flows north into the Mindanao Sea; the Cagayan in northern Luzon; and the Pampanga, which flows south from east Central Luzon into Manila Bay. [21] A box enclosing that polygon would have corners at 20°N 116°E, 20°N 127°E, 4.75°N 127°E, 4.75°N 116°E. The Philippines is broken up in many islands by the sea. Thematic maps show a generalized representation and description of a particular theme such as forest, soils, population, land use, land cover, geology, climate, mineral resources, and tourist zones. The east originates from Lake Naujan and the west follows the Mindoro Strait. In the western Pacific Ocean, an island country which officially is known as the Republic of the Philippines is situated. [8] The eleven largest islands contain 95% of the total land area. Length of Coastline: Estimates of the total length of the coastline range from 17,500 kilometers (official Philippine figure) to 36,289 kilometers (U.S. figure). Land Boundaries: The Philippines has no land boundaries. Philippines boundaries on map. Eleven islands make up 95 percent of the Philippine landmass, and two of these — Luzon and Mindanao — measure 105,000 square kilometers (40,541 sq mi) and 95,000 square kilometers (36,680 sq mi), respectively. Topography: The Philippines consists of volcanic islands, including active volcanoes, with mostly mountainous interiors surrounded by flat lowlands and alluvial plains of varying widths along the coasts. The overall land area is comparable to that of Arizona. [14], South of the Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau lies a large depression, the Cotabato Basin, which forms the lower river basin of the country's second largest river system, the Rio Grande de Cagayan (also known as the Mindanao River). Such points are often called "four corners", from the corners of the four regions meeting there. [1][2] It is the world's 5th largest island country. The Bondoc Peninsula is located in the southeastern part of Quezon Province. The rain forests also offer prime habitat for more than 500 species of birds, including the Philippine eagle (or monkey-eating eagle), some 1,100 species of orchids, and some 8,500 species of flowering plants. The Philippines does not have land boundaries. The following is a list of the most populous cities in the country, with their population according to the 2010 census. The terrain ranges from coastal plains to rugged mountains bordered by the South China Sea in the west and the Cordillera Central and Zambales mountain ranges in the east. The Philippines has a tropical climate dominated by a rainy season and a dry season, although certain locations have no dry season (meaning, all months have an average rainfall of above 60 mm) and certain higher-altitude areas can have a subtropical climate. Nearby neighbors are Taiwan to the north, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. [14], To the north of the Diwata Mountains at northeast Mindanao lie Siargao island and the Dinagat group of islands. The plains encompass the provinces of Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Pangasinan. Size: The total area is about 300,000 square kilometers, including  about 298,000 square kilometers of land and about 2,000 square  kilometers of water. Location: The Philippines comprises an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located off Southeast Asia, between the South  China Sea on the west and the Philippine Sea on the east. The 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption also damaged much of Central Luzon, the lahar burying towns and farmland, and the ashes affecting global temperatures. A look at the relations between the two shows that they are close allies in issues such as the rule of law and democracy. The Philippine archipelago is divided into three Island groups: Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. The first, called Caraballo del Sur, forms the nucleus of the system and has its highest peaks in the border between the provinces of Abra, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan. The topography is extremely varied, with volcanic mountain masses forming the cores of most of the larger islands. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 2020 information contained here. Most of the population is concentrated on the northern and eastern coast of this island where the city of Calapan and Puerto Galera are located. Includes provincial, municipal, and barangay boundaries. The second highest point can be found on Luzon at Mount Pulag, a peak 2,842 meters (9,324 ft) above sea level. 7,107 islands constitutes together are called Philippines. The three largest rivers in the country are the Cagayan River in Northern Luzon, the Rio Grande de Mindanao, and the Agusan River, also in Mindanao. The Philippine archipelago lies in Southeast Asia in a position that has led to itself becoming a cultural crossroads - a place where Malays, Hindus, Arabs, Chinese, Spaniards, Americans, and others had interacted to forge a unique cultural and racial blend. Mean annual sea-level temperatures rarely fall below 27 Â°C (80.6 Â°F). Within the plateau lies the country's second largest lake, Lake Lanao situated at an elevation of 2,296 feet, drained by the Agus River flowing northward to its river mouth at Iligan Bay. Philippines Land boundaries. [18] The Marinduque governor has stated that their claim to be the Geographical Center of the Philippines has received notice and support from the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA). Definition: This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. The St. Paul River on Palawan is an eight-kilometer-long underground river. The island nation is situated south of Taiwan, between the South China Sea in the west and the Pacific Ocean in the east. The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. Monsoon rains, although hard and drenching, are not normally associated with high winds and waves. The Philippines is part of a western Pacific arc system characterized by active volcanoes. The Mindoro mountain range begins with Mount Halcon and is further divided into three. The diplomatic ties go all the way back to 1949 with both countries having an embassy i… The island province of Marinduque prides itself as being the geographic center of the Philippines. Geography and Natural Resources of the Philippines 1. The Caraballos (Caraballo de Baler) start where the Sierra Madre and the Cordilleras meet. The northwest ends at Calavite Point and is a landmark for ships. Among the most notable peaks are Mount Mayon near Legazpi City, Taal Volcano south of Manila, and Mount Apo in Mindanao. It borders the Philippine Sea on the EAST, the South China Sea on the WEST, and the Celebes Sea on the SOUTH. Nearby countries include Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore. The bulk of the population lives on 11 of the 7,107 islands. Uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds; severe water pollution that caused the death of one of the country's major rivers, though there are ongoing efforts at resuscitation. The center of this box would lie at 121.5 E, 12.375 N. That point lies roughly in the center of the Tablas Strait between the islands of Tablas and Mindoro. Of the 81 provinces of the Philippines, 15 are landlocked, and 16 are island provinces. Find information on natural features in Philippines as well as 81 natural features in Asia, 660 natural features in the World. The range serves as the eastern wall of Luzon Island that protects inhabitants from tropical cyclones usually coming from the Pacific Ocean. [9][1][2] This makes it the 5th largest island country in the world. [15] South of the highlands are narrow strips of coastlines.[14]. Draining the southern portion of the lowland are several other rivers, which include the Tagum, flowing southward to the Davao Gulf. Administrative Boundaries. Principal Rivers: The longest river is the Cagayan (Río Grande de Cagayan) on Luzon, about 350 kilometers in length. [10][11] The Exclusive economic zone of the Philippines covers 2,263,816 km2 (874,064 sq mi), 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its shores.[12]. name=Northern Sierra Madre Natural Park boundary=national_park nipas_category=natural park source=PBCPP, 2002 License - no restrictions of use, no problem with license change. Most government offices establish regional offices in a city to serve the constituent provinces. The Philippines claims the Spratly Islands, in the South China Sea, as do China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The Visayas is the group of islands in the central Philippines, the largest of which are: Panay, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Siquijor, Biliran, and Guimaras. Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013 caused major problems. Philippines - Philippines - Plant and animal life: Although many of the mountain regions and some of the lowlands remain heavily forested, the country’s forests have been shrinking rapidly for decades. Republic Act No. Tectonics and Volcanoes of the Philippines The plate tectonics in the Philippines is complex and includes plate boundaries that are changing rapidly. LGUs in the Philippines are mapped using a combination of administrative boundary relations and place =* nodes. Lying east of the lake is the southern terminus of the Sierra Madre mountain range at northern Quezon province. The border has a length of about 722.2 miles and acts as the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) between the two nations. They, together with the cluster of islands in Visayas in between them, represent the three principal regions of the archipelago that are identified by the three stars on the Philippine flag. Land Boundaries: The Philippines has no land boundaries. There are 17 regions comprising the Philippines. Maritime Claims: The Philippines claims a territorial sea of up to 100 nautical miles from the nearest coastline, an area that includes the entire Sulu Sea and the northern part of the Celebes Sea. The Philippine Trench (also called the Mindanao Trench) is a submarine trench 1,320 kilometers (820 mi) in length found directly east of the Philippine Mobile Belt and is the result of a collision of tectonic plates. A quadripoint is a point on the Earth that touches four distinct regions. The archipelago numbers some 7,641 islands. The islands are of volcanic origin, with the larger ones crossed by mount… Building construction is undertaken with natural disasters in mind. The Philippines is blessed with excellent natural harbors for ports like Manila Bay. The elevation ranges from sea level to the highest point of Mount Apo on Mindanao Island, at 2,954 meters above sea level. The largest are Luzon in the north (40,420 sq mi; 104,687 sq km), Mindanao in the south (36,537 sq mi; 94,631 sq km), and Visayas (23,582 sq mi; 61,077 sq km). Nestled between the Cordilleras in the east and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges in the west is the Cagayan Valley, also the name of the administrative region which it covers. Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (196.9 in) in the mountainous east coast section of the country, but less than 1,000 millimeters (39.4 in) in some of the sheltered valleys. Damage is still significant, however, and many people are displaced each year by typhoons, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. The Philippines shares maritime borders with China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Palau, Taiwan (ROC), and Vietnam. The border between these two countries, as defined by a pact signed in 2014, mainly lies in the Celebes Sea. The Philippines boast of many different kinds of natural water forms, such as bays, rivers, lakes falls, gulfs, straits, and swamps. Location of the Philippines This map shows the location of the Philippines within Asia, specifically Southeast Asia. [14][15], To the west of the Pacific Cordillera lies an extensive lowland, the Davao-Agusan Trough. The boundary is the result of the division of the Sulu Sultanate through the cession of its territories to colonial powers. Visayas, Mindanao and Luzon are the three main topographical features of the Philippines. Most of the islands used to be covered by tropical rainforests. An archipelago composed of 7, 107 islands, the Philippines offers unique tourist destinations which includes the rice terraces of Ifugao, white sand beaches of Boracay, diving sites of Palawan and the lush forests of Bohol. Still more damaging was the 1990 earthquake that devastated a wide area in Luzon, including Baguio and other northern areas. The Cordilleras and Caraballos, together with the Sierra Madre Range, form the main mountain system in Northern Luzon. However, illegal logging has reduced forest cover to less than 10% of the total land area. Forming its northern portion are the Diwata Mountains (also spelled Diuata), separated from the south by low passes situated at the middle. [6] The Philippines occupies an area that stretches for 1,850 kilometers (1,150 mi) from about the fifth to the twentieth parallels north latitude. [14], Situated south and west of the Cotabato Basin are a moderately high mountain range, the Tiruray Highlands, which block off the Basin from the southern coastline. ... Free Philippine GIS data for educational and nonprofit use. The Philippines are an island group of over 7,500 islands; the main islands are Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Leyte, Samar, Negros, and Panay. ESRI Shapefile (.shp) Read more about Aklan; Mindanao Rainfall from Typhoon Bopha 2012. These regions, excluding the ARMM, are not local government units but their existence is primarily for administrative purposes. The chain of mountain ranges in this region is called Zamboanga Cordilleras, with the highest elevation at Mount Dapi, which is 2,617 meters (8,586 ft) high. Nearby neighbors are Taiwan to the north, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. [8] Only approximately 1,000 of its islands are populated, and fewer than one-half of these are larger than 2.5 square kilometers (1 sq mi). The extreme points under Philippine control as of 2010[update] are: The center of a box enclosing these points would be located at 12°46’6.13"N, 120°26’36.46"E. That point is located in the Mindoro Strait, about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) NNE of Apo Island, in Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro. An island environment traditionally has placed some limits on population mobility. - The Maria Cristina Falls is the Second Highest Falls in the Philippines with a 320 feet high waterfall which is located in the boundaries of Barangay Maria Cristina, Ditucalan, and Buru-un, Iligan City, 9.3 kilometers away southwest of the city proper. Several rivers have been harnessed for hydroelectric power. The archipelago is around 800 kilometers (500 mi) from the Asian mainland and is located between Taiwan and Borneo. . [14], The north-central portion of Mindanao is dominated by an extensive highland region, the Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau, which includes the Kitanglad and Kalatungan mountain ranges. Kalayaan is a Filipino word meaning "freedom". Many entities are both enclaves and exclaves, but the two are not synonymous. 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